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The Kingdom of Georgia The Kingdom of Georgia
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The Kingdom of GeorgiaThe Kingdom of Georgia, A.D. 1174 Summer

Georgians are one of the most ancient peoples of the world, having its statehood from the time of Kingdom of Colchis (from XII-VIII BC). In the year 319 CE the Georgian state recognised Christianity as its official religion. Georgian Apostolic Ortodoxal Church, based by apostles Andrey and by Simeon of Cana, became autocephalous in V century. Besides Georgia, great Georgian religious centers were based in Jerusalem, in Greece, in Cyprus, in Sinai, in Egypt, in Syria and Palestine. The monastery of the Iberians, as it is called, is one of the oldest monasteries in Orthodoxy's monastery state, Agion Oros. It was founded by John Tornicius, a courtier of David, ruler of Georgia in the third quarter of the 10th century. The royal dynasty of the Bagrationis, is central to the history of Georgia. First noted in 888 when designated “Kouropalates” (sovereign) by an Emperor of Byzantium, Bagrations became renowned when in 1001 Georgian king Bagrat III Bagrationi united all Georgian principalities - principality of Kakheti, Abkhazian reign, principality Tao-Klardzheti and principality of Kartli into the united reign and a new dominant power was formed in the Caucasus, the strong, centralized feudal state - Kingdom of Georgia (Sakartvelos Samepho). He was recognised as a “King of Kings” in Georgia and gave his name to a dynasty which was destined to rule for centuries. Bagrat’s reign, a period of uttermost importance in the history of Georgia, brought about the final victory of the Georgian Bagratids in the centuries-long power struggles. Anxious to create more stable and centralized monarchy, Bagrat eliminated or at least diminished the autonomy of the dynastic princes. His son and grandson stabilised the Bagrationi rule after fighting Byzantium and its other neighbours. However, a new contender had arrived. Alp Arslan and his Turks devastated its lands in 1064 and 1068, prompting Byzantines and Georgians to stop a centuries long bitter fighting and join against a common foe. George II, 4th Bagrationi, ruled until 1112 but was unable to deal effectively with the constant the Seljuk Turkish attacks and overwhelmed by internal problems in his kingdom, George was forced to abdicate in favor of his energetic son, David IV, to whom he remained a nominal co-ruler until his death in 1112. He also held the high Byzantine titles of Kouropalates (c. 1060) and Kaesaros (c. 1081).David IV, 5th Bagrationi ruler, however had no Byzantine title. His only title would be “The Builder” and his claim to fame is to be considered the Greatest Georgian King. He succeeded in driving the Seljuk Turks out of the country winning the major Battle of Didgori in 1121. His reforms of the army and administration enabled him to reunite the country and bring most Caucasian lands under Georgia’s control. A stroke of genious was how he reformed his military. He resettled a Kipchak tribe of 40,000 families from the Northern Caucasus in Georgia in 1118–1120. Every family was obliged to provide one soldier with a horse and weapons. This 40,000 strong Kipchak-army was entirely dependent on the King. Kipchaks were settled in different regions of Georgia. Some were settled in Inner Kartli province, others were given lands along the border. They were quickly assimilated into Georgians.His son, Demetre the First wasn’t as successful. During his plot ridden reign, however, Georgia was a strong feudal power with well-organized military and political system and developed cultural and economical life. The grandson of David the builder, 7th Bagrationi ruler Giorgi the III was his true successor. He changed his father's defensive policy into more aggressive one and resumed offensive against the neighboring Seljuk rulers in Armenia. With his ascent to the throne, Giorgi III launched a successful campaign against the Seljuk sultanate of Khlat (the Shah-Armen State) in 1156. Giorgi took and annexed the Armenian cities of Ani and Dvin in 1161-1162. However, the Seljuk counterattacks made the King to cede Ani to a MusliGeorgians are one of the most ancient peoples of the world, having its statehood from the time of Kingdom of Colchis (from XII-VIII BC). In the year 319 CE the Georgian state recognised Christianity as its official religion. Georgian Apostolic Ortodoxal Church, based by apostles Andrey and by Simeon of Cana, became autocephalous in V century. Besides Georgia, great Georgian religious centers were based in Jerusalem, in Greece, in Cyprus, in Sinai, in Egypt, in Syria and Palestine. The monastery of the Iberians, as it is called, is one of the oldest monasteries in Orthodoxy's monastery state, Agion Oros. It was founded by John Tornicius, a courtier of David, ruler of Georgia in the third quarter of the 10th century. The royal dynasty of the Bagrationis, is central to the history of Georgia. First noted in 888 when designated “Kouropalates” (sovereign) by an Emperor of Byzantium, Bagrations became renowned when in 1001 Georgian king Bagrat III Bagrationi united all Georgian principalities - principality of Kakheti, Abkhazian reign, principality Tao-Klardzheti and principality of Kartli into the united reign and a new dominant power was formed in the Caucasus, the strong, centralized feudal state - Kingdom of Georgia (Sakartvelos Samepho). He was recognised as a “King of Kings” in Georgia and gave his name to a dynasty which was destined to rule for centuries. Bagrat’s reign, a period of uttermost importance in the history of Georgia, brought about the final victory of the Georgian Bagratids in the centuries-long power struggles. Anxious to create more stable and centralized monarchy, Bagrat eliminated or at least diminished the autonomy of the dynastic princes. His son and grandson stabilised the Bagrationi rule after fighting Byzantium and its other neighbours. However, a new contender had arrived. Alp Arslan and his Turks devastated its lands in 1064 and 1068, prompting Byzantines and Georgians to stop a centuries long bitter fighting and join against a common foe. George II, 4th Bagrationi, ruled until 1112 but was unable to deal effectively with the constant the Seljuk Turkish attacks and overwhelmed by internal problems in his kingdom, George was forced to abdicate in favor of his energetic son, David IV, to whom he remained a nominal co-ruler until his death in 1112. He also held the high Byzantine titles of Kouropalates (c. 1060) and Kaesaros (c. 1081).David IV, 5th Bagrationi ruler, however had no Byzantine title. His only title would be “The Builder” and his claim to fame is to be considered the Greatest Georgian King. He succeeded in driving the Seljuk Turks out of the country winning the major Battle of Didgori in 1121. His reforms of the army and administration enabled him to reunite the country and bring most Caucasian lands under Georgia’s control. A stroke of genious was how he reformed his military. He resettled a Kipchak tribe of 40,000 families from the Northern Caucasus in Georgia in 1118–1120. Every family was obliged to provide one soldier with a horse and weapons. This 40,000 strong Kipchak-army was entirely dependent on the King. Kipchaks were settled in different regions of Georgia. Some were settled in Inner Kartli province, others were given lands along the border. They were quickly assimilated into Georgians.His son, Demetre the First wasn’t as successful. During his plot ridden reign, however, Georgia was a strong feudal power with well-organized military and political system and developed cultural and economical life. The grandson of David the builder, 7th Bagrationi ruler Giorgi the III was his true successor. He changed his father's defensive policy into more aggressive one and resumed offensive against the neighboring Seljuk rulers in Armenia. With his ascent to the throne, Giorgi III launched a successful campaign against the Seljuk sultanate of Khlat (the Shah-Armen State) in 1156. Giorgi took and annexed the Armenian cities of Ani and Dvin in 1161-1162. However, the Seljuk counterattacks made the King to cede Ani to a Musli


The Kingdom of Georgia
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