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Patrimonium Sancti Petri 教皇國 Patrimonium Sancti Petri 教皇國
Faction Description 國家派系
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Patrimonium Sancti Petri 教皇國Patrimonium Sancti Petri, A.D. 1180 Summer

From the Middle Ages to the birth of the modern Italian State in the 1870s, the men who served as the leaders of the Catholic Church held not only a spiritual and religious authority, but also a very real and temporal political and military power as the rulers and princes of a unique European state known as the Papal States. As rulers engaged in geopolitical and military disputes, coalitions, and negotiations, the Popes also waged war, signed treaties, and took part in all of the intrigue associated with European princes and kings of that time period.

教皇國, 公元 1180 夏

公元四世紀,羅馬主教向羅馬帝國皇帝要求其饋贈羅馬城周圍財產作為教會資產(後通稱聖伯多祿遺產)。公元321年,君士坦丁一世將拉特蘭宮贈給羅馬教會,是為羅馬教會合法擁有財產之始。西羅馬帝國滅亡後,意大利名義上由拜占廷帝國拉文納總督代行皇帝職權,但在羅馬,實際權力卻操於教皇手中。教皇與法蘭克王國密切往來,極大擴張了教皇權勢和影響。公元756年,法蘭克國王丕平為酬謝教皇支持其篡位,迫使倫巴德人放棄拉文納等地,將意大利中部大片領土贈予教皇,史稱"丕平獻土",此為教皇國之始。公元774年,查理曼大帝又將貝內文托和威尼斯等城贈予教皇,教皇國版圖逐漸擴大。此時,歐洲流傳偽造的所謂君士坦丁御賜教產諭,內稱羅馬及羅馬帝國西部地區世俗統治權通屬羅馬主教西爾維斯特一世及其後嗣。此文件在文藝復興和宗教改革前7個世紀中,一直被教皇當作爭奪世俗權勢的有力依據。公元9-10世紀,封建制度廣泛傳播,教皇名義上仍擁有教皇國領土。十一世紀後,教皇國勢力逐漸增強,12-13世紀進入鼎盛時期。阿維尼翁教皇時期,教皇國內部要求地方自治,許多城市實際在封建貴族統治之下,英諾森六世為重新恢復教皇權勢,派樞機主教阿勃諾茲為特使前往意大利,成功重建教皇國秩序,使教皇得以在公元1377年重返羅馬。十六世紀初,教皇朱裡亞二世結束法國對拉文納統治,教皇國疆界也有所擴大。公元1527年奧地利佔領羅馬,教皇國被承認為獨立國家。公元1791年法國吞併教皇在阿維尼翁領地。公元1798年拿破侖進駐羅馬,迫使庇護六世放棄教皇國領土,並取消其世俗權力,成立羅馬共和國。公元1800年庇護七世重建教皇國。9年後拿破侖又將其併入法國版圖。公元1815年維也納會議恢復教皇國,委託奧地利保護。公元1859-1860年意奧戰爭後,教皇國三分之二領土和四分之三臣民被併入撒丁王國,只是靠法國保護,才勉強保持羅馬及周圍地區。公元1870年普法戰爭爆發,法軍撤出羅馬,意大利王國得到統一。羅馬被定為意大利首都後,教皇國事實上已不存在。


Patrimonium Sancti Petri 教皇國
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Popular units 受歡迎兵種
No. Card
兵種
Name
名稱
Class
兵種
Cost
招募費
Unkeep
維持費
1
60
Foot Knights Hospitaller
步行醫院騎士
infantry heavy 710 225
2 ratings 個評分 Legendary unit 極度推薦
Well trained and disciplined these dismounted knights are amongst the deadliest heavy infantry in all Christendom.
醫院騎士訓練有素,紀律嚴明,躋身基督世界中最為精銳的騎兵部隊。
2
60
Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre infantry heavy 810 225
2 ratings 個評分 Legendary unit 極度推薦
Well trained and disciplined these dismounted knights are amongst the deadliest heavy infantry in all Christendom.
3
60
Sergeants Swordsmen
長劍軍士
infantry light 600 155
1 ratings 個評分 Legendary unit 極度推薦
Trained and hardened warriors equiped with sword, shield and mail, effective against other infantry.
長劍軍士訓練有素,作戰強悍,裝備長劍、盾牌和鏈甲,擅長對抗步兵。
4
60
Templar Sergeants infantry spearmen 390 185
1 ratings 個評分 Legendary unit 極度推薦
Templar Sergeants are professional soldiers unable to join the ranks of the Templar Knights. Armed with a spear and light armour, very effective against cavalry.
5
60
Feudal Foot Knights
步行封建騎士
infantry heavy 570 225
1 ratings 個評分 Legendary unit 極度推薦
Knights would often dismount and fight on foot when the situation demanded it. Dismounted they make excellent heavy infantry.
當戰局需要時,騎士們經常跨下馬背步戰廝殺,即便如此,依然驍勇異常。
Units List 兵種單位
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32
16
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32
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56
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Cannot recruit units 無法招募兵種
32
72
60
36
60
Faction strength
國家優勢
Have the typically strong militia of the Italian powers.
精銳意大利民兵
Faction weakness
國家劣勢
Poor cavalry.
缺乏精銳騎兵
Special unit
特色兵種
Swiss Guards
瑞士衛隊
Swiss Guards 瑞士衛隊
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