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Caliphate of Syria 倭馬亞王朝 Caliphate of Syria 倭馬亞王朝
Faction Description 國家派系
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Caliphate of Syria 倭馬亞王朝Caliphate of Syria, A.D. 1080 Summer

The Turks may very much be relative newcomers to both Anatolia and the Holy Lands, but the impact that they have had upon these realms since they migrated from the steppes east of the Caspian has been profound enough to shake the pillars of the oldest and mightiest neighbouring dynasties. The Turks have restored unity to the eastern Islamic region, making them arguably the greatest power Arabia or Persia has seen for centuries.Settling down has been the Turks' secret to asserting their dominion. Traditionally a nomadic people, they have at last adopted a system of centralised rule to form the Seljuk Empire. Considering they have relied upon their natural skill at mounted combat and guerrilla warfare for centuries, the Turks have already shown incredible talent at governing a vast empire from a single throne.In the foreseeable future, arrogance and complacency are likely to be the biggest threats to the mighty Seljuk Empire. Already, Süleyman Ibn Kutalmish in Anatolia has split from the Empire and threatens to capture more Seljuk lands. It would also be foolish to believe that the Fatimid dynasty in Egypt will be content to simply overlook the fertile banks of the Nile. They are not too happy about loosing control of the Holy Lands.

倭馬亞王朝, 公元 1080 夏

倭馬亞家族是麥加貴族十二古代支系中最強盛的一支,為四世紀部落首領庫賽伊的長子阿卜杜勒馬納夫的後代。至於"倭馬亞"一名,則得自於阿卜杜勒馬納夫的後代倭馬亞沙姆斯。先知穆罕默德傳教時期,倭馬亞家族首領阿布蘇富揚是麥加貴族之代表,以堅決反對穆罕默德聞名,曾迫使穆罕默德遷居麥地那。但同時,倭馬亞家族的另位重要成員奧斯曼阿凡卻是穆罕默德最初的追隨者和最親密的戰友之一。由於穆罕默德生前未對其繼承人作出任何指示,伊斯蘭教世界在哈里發人選問題上不久即發生分裂。倭馬亞家族的奧斯曼於644年成為哈里發。公元656年奧斯曼遇刺,其堂弟敘利亞總督穆阿維葉反對先知的侄子和女婿阿里塔裡卜繼任哈里發,從而引起大規模內戰。穆阿維葉為大馬士革總督,在其堂兄奧斯曼任哈里發時代獲得對整個敘利亞的統治權。公元657年,穆阿維葉在隋芬戰役中依靠"神裁"戰勝阿里,並在阿里(最後一位"純潔的哈里發")於公元661年遇刺後壓服反對者,成為哈里發。公元679年,穆阿維葉宣佈其子葉齊德為哈里發繼承人,從而破壞了哈里發選舉制,令阿拉伯帝國從此成為世襲王朝。公元八世紀初,倭馬亞王朝政權鞏固以後,隨即又發動大規模對外戰爭。在東線,征服了布哈拉、撒馬爾罕、信德及部分旁遮普地區。在西線,攻佔埃及以西的北非地區後,於711年越過直布羅陀海峽,佔領了安達盧西亞。後在入侵法蘭克王國的普瓦提埃戰役中戰敗,退回西班牙。至8世紀中葉倭馬亞王朝後期,阿拉伯帝國的版圖西臨大西洋,東至中亞河外地區,成為地跨亞、非、歐三大洲的龐大封建軍事帝國。倭馬亞王朝的建立伴隨著其最大反對者伊斯蘭教什葉派的興起。什葉派不承認倭馬亞王朝的哈里發地位為合法,堅持哈里發一職只能從先知女婿阿里的後代中產生。並於希賈茲建立了自己的政權。在哈里發阿卜杜勒馬利克時代,倭馬亞王朝才最終消滅麥加什葉派政權。在整個倭馬亞王朝時期,政府與什葉派一直征戰不休,但什葉派從未被徹底剪除,而且最後還協助阿拔斯王朝終結了倭馬亞家族的統治。倭馬亞王朝的另一主要反對力量是伊斯蘭教哈瓦利吉派,該派主要是由隋芬之戰後因反對阿里屈從於神裁結果而脫離阿里陣營的士兵和信徒構成。


Caliphate of Syria 倭馬亞王朝
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Cannot recruit units 無法招募兵種
Faction strength
國家優勢
Outstanding mounted archers.
強悍弓騎兵
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國家劣勢
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缺乏重裝部隊
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西帕希槍騎兵
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